The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) is an intergovernmental body that works to promote international standards and regulations for telecommunications, such as those related to cables. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations and its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.
The ITU-R (Radio communications sector) and the ITU-T (Telecommunications standardization sector) are two committees which are responsible for developing and maintaining standards and regulations related to telecommunications, such as those related to cables. These two committees work to ensure that all telecommunications systems, including cable networks, are reliable, efficient, and cost-effective.
The ITU-R and ITU-T set standards for cables such as the maximum signal strength and signal-to-noise ratio for copper cables, and the maximum attenuation for cables in different environments such as marine, aerial, and underground. They also set standards for cables used in various industries such as broadcast and telecommunications, and for digital and analog cable systems.
The ITU also works to ensure that cables are used safely and responsibly. This includes setting standards for safety measures, such as protection against electrical shocks, electromagnetic interference, and fire safety.
Through its work, the ITU aims to support the development of a global information society and to ensure that cables are used responsibly and efficiently. It works to promote interoperability between different telecommunications systems, allowing for the easy exchange of information between different countries. By ensuring that telecommunications systems, including cables, are reliable and efficient, the ITU helps to foster economic development and global connectivity.