Gigabits per second (Gbit/s) is a measure of the speed and bandwidth of a data connection, typically over a copper or fiber optical cable. Gbit/s is often used to measure the speed of an internet connection and is also used to measure the speed of other connections such as cable television.
Gbit/s is defined by the number of bits (binary digits) of data that can be transmitted over a given period of time. The higher the Gbit/s, the more data that can be sent and received in a given time period. This can be measured over a single cable or multiple cables depending on the network.
Gigabits per second is expressed as Gbps, Gb/s, or Gb/sec. For example, a Gbit/s connection is capable of transmitting 1 billion bits per second. This is significantly faster than a megabit per second connection, which is capable of transmitting 1 million bits per second.
Gbit/s is not just used to measure the speed of an internet connection, but also to measure the speed of other connections such as cable television. This is because cable television is transmitted over a network of cables that can support higher data transfer speeds than the traditional copper or fiber optic cables used for internet connections.
Gbit/s is also used to measure the speed of data transmissions over wireless networks, though the speeds are usually limited due to interference and other factors.
In summary, Gbit/s is a measure of the speed and bandwidth of a data connection, typically over a copper or fiber-optic cable.