Ellipticity is a term used to describe the shape of the core or cladding of a cable. In contrast to circular cables, an elliptical cable has a core or cladding with an elliptical cross-section. This shape results in a cable that is more flexible and can better withstand stress and bending.

Elliptical cables are generally made from different types of materials such as metal, plastic, or fiber. The core or cladding of the cable is typically extruded to create the elliptical shape. This extrusion process results in a cable that can bend and flex more easily than a circular cable.

Elliptical cables also offer a number of other advantages. For instance, their shape reduces the amount of space needed for the cable to be laid out and increases the amount of space available for other components. Additionally, an elliptical cable is less likely to suffer from kinking or crushing than a circular cable.

The disadvantages of an elliptical cable are that it is more expensive than a circular cable and its shape can lead to increased air resistance. Additionally, its shape can cause the cable to be more difficult to install and its flexibility can result in a decrease in the cable’s transmission speed.

In conclusion, an elliptical cable is a cable that has an elliptical cross-section instead of a circular cross-section. This shape offers a number of advantages, including better flexibility, more space for other components, and reduced air resistance. However, its shape can lead to increased costs and decreased transmission speed.