Cleave is the process of separating an optical fiber cable by deliberately fracturing the glass along its length. This is done to create a fiber end that is both flat and smooth, and perpendicular to the fiber axis. The process is done in a controlled manner, with a specialized tool that is designed to apply uniform pressure to the glass along its entire length. This pressure is then increased until the glass finally fractures and separates.
Cleaving is an important part of the process of creating optical fibers, as it ensures that the end is both clean and perpendicular to the axis of the fiber. This is important because it helps to ensure that the light signal is transmitted without any distortion or interference. Additionally, a clean cleave helps to ensure that the fiber can be properly terminated with the appropriate connectors.
The cleaving process is generally done by hand, and the results can vary depending on the skill of the technician, the condition of the fiber, and the type of cleaver being used. Additionally, the cleaved end must be inspected and tested to ensure that the end is clean and that the fiber is free from any damage.
Overall, cleaving is an important process for creating optical fiber cables, as it helps to ensure that the fiber end is clean, flat, and perpendicular to the fiber axis. This helps to ensure that the light signal is transmitted without distortion or interference, and that the fiber is properly terminated with the appropriate connectors.